A language learning is a constant process for every day’s improvement. I don’t need to tell you how significate the communication skills are. Tense is one of the most indispensable chapters of English Grammar that helps us to form grammatically sentences accordingly. It clearly differentiates the actions based upon the different time periods. Today we are going to learn the Present continuous tense rule. It is a very important task to learn the formulae and identities first, before we move on to learn its multiple uses.
What else can we call the present continuous tense?
There are some other names as well that you can use for it. These are the progressive tense and the imperfect tense are the pseudonyms for this tense.
When to use?
You can have a doubt where to use this tense or what are the identities to recognize it. Here is the answer for your questions. Present continuous tense is used to show the currently ongoing activities in English.
If anything is happening in front of you this can be, air is blowing, the children are playing, and the men are working and so on. These are some examples of current activities which you must describe in present continuous tense only.
There are certain adverbs that evidently emphasize to use this tense only.
The adverbs of time for the present continuous tense
(These days, currently, presently, right now, now, still, at the moment, at present, now a days, at this time)
Present continuous Tense
The ending of your actions are similarly
I am giving some examples about present continuous tense examples
1. I am typing my presentation for upcoming meeting.
2. She is preparing herself for the annual function.
3. Neha and I are working very hard to get this adsense approval.
We are going to learn Present continuous tense rule to form the sentences in this tense.
Whenever the continuous word is used in English.
Let’s learn the formation of this tense first.
We, You, They
She, He, It
In tenses there are a few steps that you must fix in your mind to learn the Present continuous tense structure. This varies from sentence to sentence. There are usually 4 types of sentences based on writing.
1. Affirmative: the affirmative sentences are simple statements that we use to answer.
(Subject + Is/am/are + V1+ Ing)
Example -: I am learning how to play the flute these days.
2. Negative: the negative sentences are used to show a disagreement, refusal and disapproval for something. This type of sentences must have a negative expression such as not, never, seldom, rarely, barely, or neither etc.
[Subject + (Is/am/are + not) + V1+ Ing)
Example -: The Afghanistan soldiers are not going to surrender in from of the Taliban.
3. Interrogative: when you have ask something to something, the question you would use, is an interrogative sentence. It is used to get the unknown information about something or someone.
(Interrogative pronoun + Is/am/are + Subject + V1+ Ing?)
Example -: Are you seriously learning English grammar for free?
4. Negative Interrogative: This is a compound type of sentence as it contains both a negative and an interrogative sentence together. It is used to answer for something with a valid reason.
(W.H.F. words + Is/am/are + Subject + not + V1+ Ing?)
Example -: Why are they not coming with us for this trip to The United States?
Now let’s move on the multiple uses of Present continuous tense examples.
1. At the time of speaking -: This is used to express the actions which are in the continuity at the time of speaking.
Ø He is completing his school H.W. right now with the help of his friend.
Ø The children are playing outside presently.
2. A current ongoing action -: This is used to express the actions which don’t take place at the time of speaking but they still exist.
Ø What are you doing these days?
Ø Now a days I am learning social media marketing.
Ø I am reading a fabulous book to revise my English lessons.
3. Relates Future -: This is the only tense that connects the present actions with the future tense. This gives a clear glimpse of upcoming actions.
Ø My brother is going to New York next week.
Ø Narendra Modi is coming to meet me tomorrow.
4. Undesirable Actions -: This present continuous tense use represents an undesirable action with ‘Always’.
Ø He is always interrupting me during my studying time.
Ø They are always coming late in the class.
5. Non Progressive verbs -: You will be baffled to know that there are some verbs which are not used to in the present continuous tense such actions are always used in the present indefinite tense. Let’s know these verbs now.
I. Verbs for senses -: hear, see, smell, notice, taste, and see etc.
II. Verbs for thoughts -: Believe, trust, forget, regret, mind, understand, know, suppose, remember etc.
III. Verbs for expression -: want, wish, love, hate, like, fear, prefer, refuse, hope etc.
IV. Verbs for possession -: Own, have, belong, owe, and possess ect.
V. Verbs for appearance -: Keep, appear, contain, consist, matter, concern and seem etc.
§ I am smelling the fragrance with my nose. (Incorrect)
§ I smell the fragrance with my nose. (Correct)
§ I am believing in god. (Incorrect)
§ I believe in God. (Correct)
§ I am having a car and a bike of my own. (Incorrect)
§ I have a car and a bike of my own. (Correct)
§ I am loving my best friend. (Incorrect)
§ I love my best friend. (Correct)
These types of verbs can be used for deliberate actions.
1. The judge is hearing a case.
2. I am thinking of a solution to this problem.
There is a Present Continuous Tense exercise, you should answer the following questions.
1. My mother …… (Cook) my favorite food for me right now.
2. I ___ (read) a novel now.
3. When __ you __ (leave) for Mumbai?
4. My sister __ (knit) a sweater for me.
5. Who __ (wait) for you?